The importance of aminos in improving yields

Marijuana growing how to, marijuana tutorials and step by step guides about how to grow marijuana. How to clone marijuana plants. How to build a hydropnics system for marijuana growing and much more.

Cannabis production can be a very intensive business we are always trying to get better quality and better yield leading to better profitability or personal stash.

Every growers dream is to produce that perfect crop however often the use of fertilisers is not enough.

The basic component of living cells is Proteins. Proteins are formed by a sequence of Amino Acids. Plants synthesise Amino Acids from the Primary elements, the Carbon and Oxygen obtained from air, Hydrogen from water in the medium, which forms Carbon Hydrates by means of photosynthesis and combining it with the Nitrogen which the plants obtain from the soil/nutrient mix, leading to synthesis of amino acids. An important note is Only L-Amino Acids are part of these Proteins and have metabolic activity.

Theoretically, the number of possible amino acids in nature is infinite. However, for plant nutrition purposes, the relevant amino acids are L-Alfa types in which the R generic radical is substituted by a Hydrogen one

Amino acids are organic substances formed by an asymmetrical carbon atom that is joined to:
-An Amine group “NH2
-A Carboxylic group “COOH
-Two radicals “R and R´ characteristic of each amino acid

About 20 important Amino Acids are involved in the process of each function. Studies have proved that Amino Acids can directly or indirectly influence the physiological activities of the plant. Amino Acids are also supplied to plant by incorporating them into the soil. It helps in improving the micro flora of the soil thereby facilitating the assimilation of nutrients. Foliar Nutrition in the form of Protein Hydrolysate (Known as Amino Acids Liquid) and foliar spray provide ready made building blocks for Protein synthesis.

L and D amino acids
Stereochemistry is important in living organisms because its properties can change depending on the spatial distribution of its atomic components. All amino acids, with the exception of glycine (which does not have asymmetric carbon), can be found in both L and D forms, in function of the spatial disposition of the groups that join asymmetric carbon. This disposition diverts polarised light in one way or another. This optical characteristic is what divides amino acids into L or D. Only L-amino acids form part of the proteins utilised by plants and promote changes in plant metabolic activity.

Total Amino Acids:
All amino acids are found as either free form, peptide or protein form:
-  Free Amino Acids:  Free amino acids are individualised in monomer form and not bound to another by peptic unions. Due to their lower molecular weight, plants assimilate this form of amino acids the most quickly and their effects on the metabolic processes of the plant are the most profound. As such, free amino acids are of primary importance in plant nutrition.
-  Peptides: When two or more amino acids are bound to one another (by peptic union), they form a peptide. The greater the length of the peptide (more amino acids bound together), the more difficult the direct assimilation by plants.
-  Proteins: The joining of different chains of polypeptides forms a protein.  The structural units of proteins are amino acids joined in a sequence and characteristic order of each type of protein.



Effects of photosynthesis:
Photosynthesis is a plant's most metabolically important pathway. Through it, a plant synthesises sugars from carbon dioxide, water and luminous energy. These sugars (carbohydrates) are the source of energy for a plant's other metabolic processes. A low photosynthetic rate caused by stress can decrease a plant's growth.

Glycine and glutamic acid are fundamental metabolites in the formation of vegetable tissue and chlorophyll synthesis. These amino acids raise the concentration of chlorophyll in plants. This increases the absorption of luminous energy, which leads to greater degrees of photosynthesis.



Effect on stomata:
Stomata are cellular structures that control a plant's hydro balance, as well as the absorption of gases and macro and micro nutrients. A stoma's openings are controlled by external factors (light, moisture, temperature and concentration of salts), and by internal factors (amino acid concentration, abscisic acid, etc.).

Stomata close when light and moisture are low, and temperature and salt concentration are high. When stomata close, photosynthesis and transpiration (low macro and micro nutrient absorption) are reduced, and respiration is increased. When this occurs, a plant's metabolic balance is negative. This causes metabolism to decrease and plant growth to stop. L- glutamic acid acts as an osmotic agent for the protective cells cytoplasm, which favors the opening of stomata.


Chelating effect:
Amino acids have a chelating effect for micronutrients. When jointly applied with micro elements, their absorption and transportation inside the plant simplifies. This is caused by chelation and membrane permeability. L-glycine and L-glutamic acid amino acids are known as very effective chelating agents.

Amino acids and phytohormones:
Amino acids are the precursors or activators of phytohormones and growth substances. L-Methionine is a precursor of ethylene and other growth factors such as spermine and spermidine, which are synthesised from 5-adenosyl methionine.
L-tryptophan is a precursor of auxin synthesis. L-tryptophan is used in plants only in its L-form. L-tryptophan is available only if protein hydrolysis used in its extraction / manufacture is carried out by enzymes. When L-tryptophan is produced using most common industrial processes, this important amino acid is destroyed.

Stress Resistance
Stress such as High temperature, Low humidity, Frost, Pest attack, Hailstorm, Floods have a negative effect on plant metabolism with a corresponding reduction in crop quality and quantity. The application of Amino Acids before, during and after the stress conditions supplies the plants with Amino Acids which are directly related to stress physiology and thus has a preventing and recovering effect.

Pollination and fruit formation:
Pollination is the transportation of pollen to the carpel that makes fecundation and fruit formation possible.
L-proline helps pollen fertility. L-lysine, L-methionine, and L-glutamic acid are essential amino acids for pollination. These amino acids increase pollen germination and the length of the pollen tube.
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Floral balance in the soil:
Microbial floral balance in an agricultural soil is a basic factor for a good organic matter mineralization, as well as providing sound structure and fertility in the root area. L-methionine is a precursor of growth factors that stabilize cell membranes in microbial flora.

In General:
L-glutamic acid and L-aspartic acid, through transamination, give make way for the rest of the amino acids. L-proline and hydroxiproline act mainly in the plant's hydro balance. They act on a cell's wall by increasing resistance to unfavorable weather conditions. L-alanine, L-valine, and L-leucine increase the quality of fruits. L-histidine assists in the appropriate fruit maturation.

Observations When Applying Amino Acids to Plants:

Trophic effect:
Free amino acids, when quickly metabolized, give birth to biologically active substances. They also invigorate and stimulate vegetation.

Hormonal effect:
Free amino acids stimulate the formation of:
Chlorophyll
Indole-3-Acetic acid
Vitamins
Various enzymatic systems

Trophic + Hormonal effect
Flowering is stimulated
Better fruit setting
Higher precociousness, size and coloration of fruits.
Greater sugar richness
Greater vitamin content in fruits.


Amino acid effect on plants:

L - Glutamic Acid & L - Aspartic Acid, by transamination give rise to the rest of the amino acids.

L - Proline & Hydroxy Proline act mainly on the hydric balance of the plant strengthening the cellular walls in such a way that they increase resistance to unfavourable climatic conditions.

L - Alanine, L - Valine & L - Leucine improve quality of fruits.

L - Histidine helps in proper ripening of fruits.

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Interesting experiments by Hua-Jing WANG also show that you can reduce Nitrogen use by using arginine as a replacement

abstract
arginine (Arg) compared to the full nitrate treatment, pak-choi shoot fresh and dry weights increased significantly (P ≤ 0.05), but when 20% of nitrate-N was replaced with alanine (Ala), valine (Val), leucine (Leu), isoleucine (Ile), proline (Pro), phenylalanine (Phe), methionine (Met), aspartic acid (Asp), glutamic acid (Glu), lysine (Lys), glycine (Gly), serine (Ser), threonine (Thr), cysteine (Cys), and tyrosine (Tyr), shoot fresh and dry weights decreased significantly (P ≤ 0.05).
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(Will see) My dream
(Your dream) For real
(Come true)
(You) I will
(Will rise) Will rise
(Above) Above
(The rules)

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As a practical application ive found dutchmasters liquid light (amino,carbs) foliar spray increases flowering formation significantly IE flowers at 4 weeks into flower look healthier and bigger in comparison to non sprayed plants.

If anyone knows of any other commercial amino foliar sprays available please post them
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(Come true)
(You) I will
(Will rise) Will rise
(Above) Above
(The rules)

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That is GREAT info hun! I was just getting ready to ask if you were gonna recommend a product... and ya did!
Thanks!
I think a few days here and this goes to the FAQ's!!
KARMA:
No need for revenge, just sit back and wait.
Those who have hurt you will screw eventually themselves; and if you are lucky, God will let you watch!


Through What we create- we are immortal.

Another product would be advance nutrients bigbud bloom booster although i haven't used it they claim its full of L-tryptophan, L-Cysteine, L-Glutamate and L-Glycine.

Im trying to find a general Agriculture product for reduced price as im being ripped big time with liquid light.

I found several oz ag nutrient companies that supply very cheap aminos with actual analysis of the amount of aminos and which ones in the product.However, you need to buy something like 2000 litres at a time.Good for a farm not for me lol. Ill try and find something at the garden centre instead of hydroponics shops to see what they have.
(You) I see
(Will see) My dream
(Your dream) For real
(Come true)
(You) I will
(Will rise) Will rise
(Above) Above
(The rules)

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I've been researching this since reading you're post.

I've run across this product being mentioned "GH Maxi Bloom powder"

I only started to read this, but pressed for time, this is more of a bm read. Not to imply that it isn't informative and well written. I've done some minor study of botany, so this thread peaked my interests. I'll be finishing it up soon.

Lady Zandra wrote:I think a few days here and this goes to the FAQ's!!

I second that and nominate it for Tutorials (this is a presumption based off that I haven't read it in it's entirity, please pardon the laziness, but being it's already in Tutorials, the nomination seems redundant now :reefer )
"God put this here for me and you. Take advantage man, take advantage." -SmokeDogg *ARUH RUH RUH ROOH*


I picked up some of the GH Liquid Light and the GH Perpetrator wetting agent.

Just sprayed plants in the veg room and a few plants in the flower room that are 1 week 12/12.

GH ?? Or DM ?

Yeah keep spraying till about week 4 flower or untuil you feel uncomfortable wetting the buds IE ya think the moisture will get left in the buds instead of drying out
(You) I see
(Will see) My dream
(Your dream) For real
(Come true)
(You) I will
(Will rise) Will rise
(Above) Above
(The rules)

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